This is one of the first studies to examine specifically which foods may be implicated in “food addiction,” which has become of growing interest to scientists and consumers in light of the obesity epidemic.
A new study confirms what has long been suspected: highly processed foods like chocolate, pizza and French fries are among the most addictive.
The study in the journal PLOS One used questionnaires designed to link eating habits with addictive behaviours. For instance participants were asked which foods were associated with certain emotional states such as pleasure or reward as well as which foods they found hard to stop eating.
Treat obesity like an addiction
Nicole Avena, assistant professor of pharmacology and systems therapeutics at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, and a co-author on the study, explained the significance of the findings.
This is a first step towards identifying specific foods, and properties of foods, which can trigger this addictive response, she said. This could help change the way we approach obesity treatment. It may not be a simple matter of cutting back on certain foods, but rather, adopting …
The analysis found that obese subjects who did not have glucose metabolism disorders had higher levels of vitamin D than diabetic subjects. Likewise, lean subjects with diabetes or another glucose metabolism disorder were more likely to have low levels of vitamin D. Vitamin D levels were directly correlated with glucose levels, but not with BMI.
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